Krill Oil vs Fish Oil for Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids

Best Krill OilI have known about and taken omega-3 oils essential fatty acids supplements for some years now. When I was in my local pharmacy getting some more essential fatty acids supplements I was interested in trying to see the difference between the different suppliers of this healthy oil supplement.

I knew it was important to have a ration of more DHA than EPA. Also that a fish oil source of omega-3 oils, compared to something like flax seed oil, tends to be the better for you. However, I recently read about getting my omega-3 essential fatty acid oils not only from oily fish, but also from the stuff whales eat, krill.

Where Does Omega-3 Fatty Acids Fish Oil Come From?

The traditional Eskimo diet of eating lots of oily fish and marine fats like whale blubber or seal fat that contains lots of omega 3 oils. This seems to have given them some protection from dying young from the typical western civilised lifestyle diseases like heart disease. This prompted researchers to look further into the what was in their diet that helped their health.

The answer to how Eskimo’s stayed so healthy seems to be the amount of omega-3 essential fatty acids they get to eat.

Omega 3 Oil SupplementI’m not an Eskimo so I don’t have access to whale and seal meat in my diet, but personally I wouldn’t want to eat a whale or a seal either because they are under threat of extinction from mass killing.

So where else can you get a healthy, renewable source of omega-3 essential fatty acids?

I have always taking cod liver oil supplements or eaten mackerel, tuna, sardines etc… However, the stuff whales eat, krill, could be the answer to the question.

Supposedly only 1% of krill is used for human consumption. That means we definitely are not over-farming the krill population for human consumption, unlike fish quotas for cod or hake.

I think you should ask your local health food store or pharmacy if they stock a krill oil supplement. Make krill oil your daily source of omega-3 oil to get those essential fatty acids that are good for your heart.

Krill Oil Benefits

Dr Mercola explains nicely in this video the difference between omega oils from plants like flaxseed and fish like krill.

Omega-3 oils are also called essential fatty acids (a.k.a EFA’s).

A common known benefit is that they can help protect against vascular disease. Omega-3 oils are an essential fatty acid and can act like aspirin causing blood to be thinner. Apparently Eskimos are prone to nosebleeds. It is also important to know that omega-3 capsules help thin your blood. This is because if you are on prescribed blood thinner medication like warfarin then the omega 3 oils would thin your blood even more. You should be cautious when taking both and let your prescribing doctor know that you are.

Doing research online I found most krill oil supplements contain NKO® krill oil from a company called, Neptune Technologies & Bioressources Inc.

List of the health claims by NKO® krill oil:

  1. Powerful Anti-oxidant Supplement with Astaxanthin
    300 times greater than Vitamins A & E. 48 times greater than Omega-3 Fish Oil. 34 times greater than Co Q-10.
  2. First and Only Clinically proven Omega-3 Marine Phospholipids.
  3. Omega-3 EPA/ DHA functionalized marine phospholipids and potent antioxidants
  4. Proprietary Composition
  5. Sourced from Antartic Krill (most abundant biomass)
  6. Superior bioavailability
  7. Clinically proven health benefits at recommended daily intake
  8. Validated safety and long term stability
  9. No trans fat
  10. No reflux
  11. No heavy metals / no dioxins
  12. No detected allergen
  13. Low therapeutic dose starting at 300mg, superior compliance
  14. Validated safety and long term stability
  15. Clinically proven efficacy
    Cholesterol management (Phase IIIa), Inflammation & osteoarthritis (Phase II), ADHD (Pilot), Premenstrual syndrome (Phase II)

Best Omega 3 Oil Dosage per Day

In one study done using NKO® Krill oil was testing it power to lower inflammation by reducing C-reactive protein. This would be relevant for people who suffer lower back pain, neck pain and osteoarthritis joint pain.

In that research study the dosage was 1 soft gel capsule of 300mg krill oil per day.

Taking that amount per day reduced c-reactive protein blood levels by:

  • 19% within 7 days,
  • 29% after 14 days
  • 30.9% after 30 days.

To recap all you need is 1x 300mg NKO® krill oil per day to help reduce inflammation in your body naturally.

So just one capsule of the right amount of krill oil per day helped produce a substantial health benefit. This is quite different from the other study I read that used a high dose of omega 3 oils for nerve pain relief.

Buy The Best Krill Oil on Amazon

You can purchase different brands directly through Amazon’s online store. I have added the original NKO® oil below:

DHA vs EPA Ratio Answer

DHA stands for docosahexaenoic acid and EPA stands for eicosapentaenoic acid. They are the omega-3 oils.

DHA & EPA are apart of the unsaturated fatty acids family and are polyunsaturated. The Durham study advocates using more EPA than DHA, however, my biochemistry lecturer at Chiropractic college was always a fan of more DHA than EPA. EPA is made from DHA anyway.

When I look for my essential fatty acids supplement I like to see lots of DHA.

There is currently no recommended daily allowances (RDA’s) for omega-3 oils.

So be cautious to not to take handfuls of supplements thinking more is better. Like what I mentioned in the vitamin D and chronic lower back pain a side effect of taking supplements can be toxic effect on your body. Eating lots of fish, like Eskimos, doesn’t give you a toxic overdose omega-3 oil problem.

Again, you cannot overdose on fish oil by eating fish but you can taking it as a supplement. If you have any worry about

Image Credit: Some rights reserved by jonrawlinson

Further Reading:

  1. “The Inuit Paradox – How can people who gorge on fat and rarely see a vegetable be healthier than we are?” Discovery Magazine October 2004 issue by Patricia Gadsby
  2. Alexandra J. Richardson and Paul Montgomery The Oxford-Durham Study: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Dietary Supplementation With Fatty Acids in Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder Pediatrics 2005 115: 1360-1366.
  3. “Essential fatty acids and eicosanoids” from The Third International Congress on Essential Fatty Acids and Eicosanoids, Adelaide, Australia, March, 1-5, 1992 By Andrew Sinclair, Robert Gibson, American Oil Chemists’ Society
  4. Do you Know Why Krill is your Best and Most Sustainable Source of Omega-3 Fat? by Dr Joe Mercola